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Many students come in to our library to do research. One of the most common things you ask us is "My teacher says I have to do a bibliography. How do I do that?" Well, here's our tips about bibliographies - what they are and how to make them.

What is a bibliography (bib-li-og-ra-phy)?

A bibliography is a list of the books of a specific author or publisher, or on a specific subject.

Why do I need to make a bibliography?

A bibliography helps you know where you got your information from and it lets your teacher know you are giving proper credit for your sources of information.

What do I include in a bibliography?

You should list every source you use such as a book, a movie, a website, an interview or any information that did not come from you

Where do I put the bibliography for my assignment?

The bibliography goes at the end of your assignment. The title of this page should be Bibliography or Works Cited

How to…Make a Bibliography

*Alphabetize by author’s last name.
*If no author, go by the first main word of the title.
*Use the bibliography style that your teacher requests. If you are not given a particular style to follow, use the guide below.

1. Book with one author:
    Blodgett, E.D. Alice Munro. Boston: Twayne, 1988.

2. Book with more than one author:
    Elwood, Ann, and Linda C. Wood. Windows in Space. New York:
    Walker, 1982.

3. Article in a magazine:
    Daglish, Brenda, “A Matter of Interest.” Maclean’s, February 15, 1993,

4. Article in a newspaper:
    Smith, Beverly, “Canadians Skate to Gold Medal,” The Globe and Mail,
    March     11, 1993. p. A1.

5. Article in an encyclopedia:
    Humber, William. “Bicycling.”  The Canadian Encyclopedia, 1988.

6. Video or Film:
    Shooting Stars.  Videotape.  National Film Board of Canada (Toronto),
    1987. 49 min., 30 sec.

7. Radio or television program:
     “Haida Gwaii – Islands of the People.”  Nature.  PBS, December 19, 1992.

8. Interview:
    Delaney, Daphne (musician). Personal interview, Toronto, April 10, 2006.

9. Information from the Internet:
    Include the web site address and the date the information was researched. (January 1, 2001)


Hey kids, Marvin reminds you that you must have an adult with you in the library if you are under 10 years old. Image - Moose footprints
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